The canoeing sport comprises the different disciplines listed below. Each discipline is managed by a provincial sub-committee, which reports to a Canoeing SA National.


(1) Sprints
This is done on a still standing Flatwater course where paddlers compete against each other in lanes over 200m, 500m, 1000m distances. The main object is to test speed.

(2) Marathon
The annual World Flatwater Marathon Championships raced over distances varying from 20 km to 36 km and normally include compulsory portages. River racing can vary from 10 000m to multi-day ultra-marathons.

(3) Slalom
This is held over a course set up with gates hanging over a rapid in a river. The object is to negotiate through the gates, without fault and subject to penalties for faults, in the shortest time.

(4) Wild Water
For wild water a course of normally between 3 and 6 km is chosen over a fast flowing section of a river with as many navigable rapids as possible where the main emphasis is to test the competitor’s ability to negotiate rough water while racing against the clock.

(5) Canoe Polo
This game is basically water polo played by canoeists in short plastic polobat canoes in a pool or other demarcated area.

(6) Ski paddling
This is done over varying distances on the sea usually starting and ending at convenient entry and exiting points along the shoreline. Ski paddling in both single (S1) and double (S2) formats are basically sit-upon craft, which are appreciably longer than the kayaks (K1 and K2) used in Flat Water and Long Distance racing.

(7) Freestyle / Rodeo
Freestyle / Rodeo paddling has recently been affiliated to CSA. This is a very popular sport in the USA and is growing in Europe.

(8) Waveski
Waveski has recently been affiliated to CSA. This is done on the sea usually in the wave zone near the shoreline on a sit-on waveski no longer than 3.657 metres, performing radical controlled manoeuvres in the critical section of a wave with speed, power and flow to maximize scoring potential by innovative and progressive surfing with a variety of repertoire.

(9) Dragonboats
The first dragonboat club called the Zeekoeimanzi Dragonboat Club was formed and affiliated to CSA and WCCU in 2005, operated until the end of 2008. There is currently no formal dragonboating organisation in the Western Cape affiliated to Canoeing SouthAfrica/WCCU or the International Canoeing Federation(ICF) – the international management body of canoeing including Olympic disciplines.

(10) Rafting
Rafting has been accepted as a formal CSA discipline, in line with the international trend.

(11) SUP
Stand-up paddle boarding has recently joined CSA – all paddlers entering CSA sanctioned
events on SUP’s must have the suitable proficiencies and qualifications to compete as with
the other disciplines.